What is Stroke?
Stroke is defined as a “brain attack,” which happens when there is a loss of blood supply to the brain (i.e. from blood clots). Since this deprives the brain of much-needed oxygen, cells are damaged or die, causing temporary or irreparable damage to muscle control, memory and other essential functions.
Effects of stroke vary, ranging from minor limb weakness to permanent paralysis, speech impairment or even death. Two-thirds of survivors experience some type of disability. Luckily about 80 percent strokes are preventable, but once they happen, time is of the essence in seeking treatment to counter these effects.
The Impact of Stroke in The U.S.
Stroke is responsible for taking the lives of 128,932 Americans each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It’s the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, and the third most lethal cardiovascular disease.
- They can happen to people of any age at any time
- There are 800,000 new strokes each year in the U.S., 10 million globally
- 1 in 19 American deaths each year are attributed to stroke
- One stroke occurs every 40 seconds
- There are 7 million survivors in the U.S.
- Cost of stroke in 2012= $60 billion
- 9 out of 10 result from blood clots
- Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA), a very powerful clot-busting drug, is the FDA-approved therapy and “gold standard” since 1996.
- Clot-busting drug must be delivered within 3 hours
Further reading: Stroke: Myths vs. Facts
How Pulse Therapeutics is Combatting Stroke
The groundbreaking solution of Pulse Therapeutics essentially is designed to buy stroke victims much needed time by boosting the speed of clot-busting treatments. Pulse’s Magnetically-Enhanced Diffusion (MED) technology targets the stagnant blood flow issue of tPA, the standard stroke treatment method.